The U.S. Constitution provides you and every other citizen in New York with very specific rights. These rights help to guarantee your freedom and ensure you have the liberty to live your life without fear of government overreach. The Bill of Rights is especially important. Those amendments provide you with personal rights the government cannot infringe upon. One of those is the Fourth Amendment.
According to the National Constitution Center, the Fourth Amendment protects you against unreasonable search and seizure. It guarantees your right to be secure in your person and property without having to worry about the government violating that security. It also outlines that searches require a warrant, which a court may only issue with probable cause. The warrant must describe who and what law enforcement can search and who or what they may seize.
This is a highly debated amendment and right. The courts have made many rulings concerning it. Many of these have altered the amendment and created loopholes or exceptions to it. For example, precedent from legal cases is why an officer can search your vehicle when you get pulled over for a traffic stop.
The original thought behind the amendment that our forefathers had was mainly focused on warrants. At that time, the King of England would issue warrants as he pleased. Often they were to torment enemies or foes. Our forefathers did not want that type of tyranny in our new country and wanted citizens to feel safe in their own homes. This information is for education and is not legal advice.